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Maternal mortality ratio

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Headline data

Source: 1) Ghana Health Service, The Health Sector in Ghana - Facts and Figures; 2) Ghana Statistical Service, Maternal Health Survey

Geographical Area: National

Unit of Measurement: Per 100,000 live births

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This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from Ghana statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from Ghanaian statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other Ghanaian-specific metadata information.

Indicator available Institutional maternal mortality ratio
Indicator description The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100,000 live births during the same time period. It depicts the risk of maternal death relative to the number of live births and essentially captures the risk of death in a single pregnancy or a single live birth. Maternal deaths: The annual number of female deaths from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes) during pregnancy and childbirth or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, expressed per 100,000 live births, for a specified time period.
Geographical coverage National
Unit of measurement Per 100,000 live births
Definitions 1) Institutional maternal mortality number of maternal deaths occurring in health facilities per 100, 000 live births. the estimate from survey represents on maternal deaths occurrences recorded at health facilities and other per 100,000 live births. 2) Maternal mortality ratio (from survey) is the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Maternal deaths are any deaths that occurs during pregnancy or childbirth or within 42 days after the birth of a child or termination of pregnancy. Maternal deaths do not include deaths due to accidents or violence.
Calculations (1) Maternal deaths of women 15-49 years occuring in health facilities during the period divided by Women 15-49 years who were pregnant and visited health facilities and multiplied by 100,000 live births. (2) Maternal mortality ratio is calculated by dividing the age- standardised maternal mortality rate for women age 15-49 in the 7 years preceding the survey by the general fertility rate (GFR) for the same period.
Other information
Last updated 13/11/2018

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name Maternal mortality ratio
Indicator number 3.1.1
Target name By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
Target number 3.1
Global indicator description
UN designated tier 1
UN custodian agency WHO
Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals Metadata (pdf 865kB) opens in a new window

Source 1

Organisation 1) Ghana Health Service, The Health Sector in Ghana - Facts and Figures; 2) Ghana Statistical Service, Maternal Health Survey
Periodicity 1) Annual 2) 10 years
Earliest available data 2007
Geographical coverage National
Link to data source Ghana Health Service (GHS) opens in a new window
Release date 12/2017
Next release 12/2018
Statistical classification Official Statistics
Contact details info@ghsmail.org
Other information Maternal mortality rate has been reducing but still remains high. Between 1995 and 2015, maternal mortality reduced from 650 to 358 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. The SDG3 target is 70 per 100,000 live births.

Source 2

Organisation Ghana Statistical Service, Maternal Health Survey
Periodicity 10 years
Earliest available data 2007
Geographical coverage National
Link to data source Link to Source opens in a new window
Release date 12/2017
Next release 12/2018
Statistical classification Official Statistics
Contact details info@ghsmail.org
Other information